This learning center is dedicated to providing the facts on bottled water safety and bottled water regulations in the United States.
Federal law requires the FDA to enforce bottled water regulations that are as stringent as the EPA's standards for tap water. The FDA regards bottled water as a food product, and requires that it be safe to drink. FDA bottled water regulations require that water be processed, stored and shipped under sanitary conditions.
The FDA mandates that bottlers enforce sanitation practices that ensure that the final product is free from contamination. The FDA conducts inspections of bottling plants, and tests samples to assess the levels of chemical, bacteriological, microbiological, and radiological contaminants in bottled water products. Bottlers are required to keep source approval and testing records current, and make them available to inspectors.
The FDA's standards for quality of bottled water require maximum allowable contaminant levels to be in line with EPA standards for municipal tap water. Each time the EPA establishes a new standard for a contaminant, the FDA either adopts it or finds it doesn't pertain to bottled water.
In some cases, maximum contaminant levels for bottled water are more stringent that those for tap water. Bottled water companies are required to routinely sample their products. Bottled water products that contain contaminant levels that exceed the FDA standards may not be sold to the public.
Bottled drinking water is a safe and convenient packaged food, with a 100% recyclable container. Provisions within the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ensure that the vast amount of U.S. bottled drinking water is sourced locally and is at least as safe as municipal tap water. The FDA requires that bottlers test their water for both microbiological contaminants, and chemical and radiological contaminants.
Bottled water companies must pass regular food safety inspections by the FDA.
There are four main types of bottled water:
Culligan uses a multi-barrier approach process that protects against harmful chemicals and microbiological contaminants, including Cryptosporidium and E-Coli, as well as offering several energy-efficient water dispensers.
Spring water is passed through a set of one-micron absolute filters and ozonated. Dedicated and sanitized stainless steel tanker trucks transport spring water.
Premium Drinking Water undergoes a seven-step water treatment process. The following is an overview of the process.
Fluoridated water goes through the same seven-step purification process as our drinking water; then we add 1.0-ppm high-grade quality fluoride.
Culligan Water Sources: